Board of Directors and Officers

The Board of Directors of the IICI is the governing body of the Institute. It is composed of experts from around the world, and from disciplines relevant to both teaching and conducting investigations into serious violations of international humanitarian law. Military officers, human rights investigators, academics, criminal investigators, and experts in international law have joined forces to create a new approach to the investigation of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Raymond McGrath

Raymond McGrath, President, has been a private investigator in San Francisco, California since 1978.

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Raymond McGrath
Raymond McGrath, President, has been a private investigator in San Francisco, California since 1978. During his career, he has conducted investigations into murder, arson, child kidnapping, rape, extortion, and fraud.After learning his trade under the tutelage of well-known investigator Jack Webb, he opened his own firm in 1988. His work has encompassed both civil and criminal litigation. McGrath has international investigative experience, having worked in France, Hong Kong, mainland China and Ireland. He has been qualified as an expert in investigations in a California state court proceeding.

In 1999, McGrath participated in a panel on training and investigation at the Hague Appeal for Peace. Since that time he has helped to organize the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. In 2010 he was named a Fellow of the Purpose Prize, awarded to Americans who make a significant contribution to social progress in their second careers.

Nancy Pemberton

Nancy Pemberton is a private investigator in the San Francisco, California Bay Area. An active member of the State Bar of California between 1985 and 2015, Pemberton practiced law in federal and state courts for several years before becoming a private investigator.

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Nancy Pemberton
Nancy Pemberton is a private investigator in the San Francisco, California Bay Area. An active member of the State Bar of California between 1985 and 2015, Pemberton practiced law in federal and state courts for several years before becoming a private investigator. In 1992, she founded the investigative firm of Mason, Tully & Pemberton, which specialized in criminal defense and complex civil litigation. Pemberton developed an expertise in capital case mitigation investigation, and worked as both an investigator and an attorney on capital cases. Her work has also emphasized internal work place investigations, particularly for school districts.

Pemberton earned her B.A. in Economics from San Francisco State University, graduating summa cum laude. She attended Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley where she was named to the Order of the Coif. Pemberton currently serves on the finance committee of the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California and the audit committee of the Akonadi Foundation. She is Secretary/Treasurer of the IICI and IICIF.

Desmond Travers

Desmond Travers is a retired Colonel of the Army of the Irish Defence Forces.

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Desmond Travers
Desmond Travers is a retired Colonel of the Army of the Irish Defence Forces. His last appointment was as Commandant of its Military College. In a career spanning over forty years, he served in various command and instructional appointments in the Infantry Corps. He was a founder of two of the Forces’ teaching and training institutions.

He also served in command of troops and in key operational appointments with various UN and EU peace support missions. These were in the Middle-East (Cyprus, Lebanon) and in the Former Yugoslavia (Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina). He is a student of military history and his works are published internationally from time to time.

Delia Chatoor

Delia Chatoor is a foreign service officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago.

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Delia Chatoor
Delia Chatoor is a foreign service officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago. For the past two years she has been the Head of the Americas Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and provides guidance on International Law (International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law) to the Ministry and other institutions. She has also been delivering lectures on these subjects as well as Multilateral Diplomacy to the University of the West Indies and other institutions. She has been assisting in the setting of examination papers for new officers to the Ministry. She is the holder of a Masters Degree in International Law from University College, London and a post-graduate diploma in International Relations from the University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago.

Colonel Bernard Markey

Colonel Bernard Markey is an Army Officer of the Irish Defence Forces with over 30 years professional military experience at home and abroad.

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Colonel Bernard Markey is an Army Officer of the Irish Defence Forces with over 30 years professional military experience at home and abroad. A member of the Irish Military Police Corps he has served with the United Nations, the African Union, European Union and NATO in a variety of appointments in the Middle East,  Sahel, Balkans, North Caucasus and Central Asia. He holds Graduate Degrees in Law and International Relations and has completed a number of Military Police and Investigative Courses in Ireland and abroad with the IICI , NATO and the UN. He has recently been posted to the European Union Military Staff at Brussels.His particular interest is in Military Police practice and procedure in multi-ethnic post-conflict societies.

 

Bernard O'Donnell

Bernard O’Donnell has extensive experience in conducting, leading and managing national and international investigations.

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Bernard O’Donnell
Bernard O’Donnell has extensive experience in conducting, leading and managing national and international investigations. His career includes service with the Australian Federal Police, the United Nations Civilian Police, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (The Hague), the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN Oil-for-Food Programme (New York), the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Geneva), the United Nations Development Program (New York) and (currently) the European Investment Bank (Luxembourg).

Along with professional investigation training from a number of organisations, Bernie has undertaken undergraduate studies in social sciences (Charles Sturt University) and post graduate studies in business (Monash University), finance (University of Leicester), accounting (University of Canberra), and law (University of London and University of de Montfort, Leicester).

John Ralston

John Ralston was the Executive Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations from 2003 to 2016.

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John Ralston
John Ralston was the Executive Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations from 2003 to 2016. He served for several years as the Chief of Investigations with the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Mr Ralston was a foundation member of the ICTY, joining as an Investigation Team Leader, he was responsible for establishing the tribunal’s first investigations and preparing its standard operating procedures. In 2014 he was the Chair of the International Crimes Evidence Project that examined alleged crimes in the closing stages of the war in Sri Lanka. A former homicide detective in Australia, he spent several years investigating Nazi war criminals for the Commonwealth Attorney-General’s Special Investigations Unit. In 2004-5 he served as Chief Investigator for the UN Independent Commission of Inquiry for Darfur, Sudan. He also spent four years leading organised crime investigations and criminal asset recovery actions with the NSW Crime Commission.

Ken Roberts

Ken Roberts is a Senior Legal Officer at the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism (Syria).

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Ken Roberts
Ken Roberts is the Senior Legal Officer at the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism (Syria). Prior to this post, he was the Senior Legal Officer in the Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. His earlier professional engagements in the private and public sector include having worked for 15 years at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in a number of capacities including Deputy Registrar and Senior Legal Officer in Chambers. He also served as Chief of the Legal Policy Unit in the Department of Justice of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo. Mr. Roberts co-founded International Criminal Law Services Foundation, serving as Chairperson of the Board of Directors from 2006-13. He has published articles and co-edited a book on international criminal law. He is a member of the Bar of Ontario, Canada, and a graduate of the University of Toronto (B.A.), the University of Western Ontario (LL.B.), and the London School of Economics (LL.M.).

Heather Ryan

Heather Ryan is the Open Society Justice Intiative’s representative in Cambodia, monitoring the work of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge trials).

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Heather Ryan
Heather Ryan is the Open Society Justice Intiative’s representative in Cambodia, monitoring the work of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge trials). Previously she was the Associate Director of the Global Green Grants Fund in Boulder, Colorado USA, which makes global grants to grass roots organizations in the developing world. She was the project director for the Carr Center Domestic Human Rights Project. She joined the Carr Center in May of 2000 after spending a year and a half working with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as the liaison in The Hague for the Coalition for International Justice.

Prior to that she worked for the American Bar Association’s Center and East European Law Initiative doing judicial reform work in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and Herzegovina. For 18 years, she was a partner with the law firm of Hutchinson Black and Cook, LLC in Boulder, Colorado. She graduated from the University of Colorado School of Law and served as a law clerk for the Honorable William E. Doyle of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.

William Schabas

William Schabas, Order of Canada, Chair of the Board, is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London.

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William Schabas
William Schabas, Order of Canada, Chair of the Board, is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London. He is also professor of human rights law at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He holds an MA degree in history from the University of Toronto and an LLD from the University of Montreal.

Professor Schabas is the author of 12 books and more than 90 articles in the area of international human rights, including The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, 1997) and Genocide in International Law (Cambridge, 2000). He has frequently participated in human rights fact-finding missions for international NGOs such as Amnesty International and the International Federation of Human Rights.

Jayne Stoyles

Jayne Stoyles is a lawyer, the first Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for International Justice, and an Ashoka Canada Fellow.

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Jayne Stoyles
Jayne Stoyles is a lawyer, the first Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for International Justice, and an Ashoka Canada Fellow. Jayne served for several years as the Program Director of the NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court in New York, a network of 2,000 NGOs worldwide that helped bring about the establishment of the Court and that was twice nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize during her tenure. She has been a Senior Adviser to the Institute for Global Policy in New York on issues of human security, UN reform and international justice, provided International Humanitarian Law training for the Red Cross, and taught international law at Carleton University in Canada. Before and during her law degree at Queen’s University, Jayne did volunteer placements in Africa, Latin America and a First Nations community in northern Canada. She is the 2010 winner of the Walter S. Tarnopolsky Human Rights Award and of the Lord Reading Law Society Human Rights Award, and was named one of Ottawa’s Top 50 People in 2008 by Ottawa Life Magazine. She has been featured in The Precedent and in the Charity Village Spotlight.

Kaoru Okuizumi

Kaoru Okuizumi is the Deputy Head of the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM). She was previously the Director of the UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict, which was established by the Security Council to assist national authorities in ensuring criminal accountability for conflict-related sexual violence.

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Kaoru Okuizumi

Kaoru Okuizumi is the Deputy Head of the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM). She was previously the Director of the UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict, which was established by the Security Council to assist national authorities in ensuring criminal accountability for conflict-related sexual violence. Prior to that, she served as the Deputy Chief of the Justice and Corrections Service of the UN Department of Peace Operations. Ms. Okuizumi’s experiences in international and hybrid courts include assignments at the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the Human Rights Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and most recently as the Deputy Registrar at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Ms. Okuizumi has also worked in UN peacekeeping operations and field operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kosovo and Nepal. Ms. Okuizumi is a member of the New York State Bar and a graduate of the University of Chicago, the New York University School of Law and Princeton School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. She has also been a Wasserstein Fellow at Harvard Law School.

Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh

Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh studied literature and international law. She holds an MA degree in international law from the University of Pantheon Sorbonne (Paris I).

 

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Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh studied literature and international law. She holds an MA degree in international law from the University of Pantheon Sorbonne (Paris I).

She worked as a lawyer at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), the European Union and the African Union, served as Executive Director of the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation, and served as policy advisor at  the ICTY and ICTR and senior legal adviser at International Criminal Court.

Her research is focused in the Great Lakes Region, Horn of Africa, Middle East, the Western Balkans, North Caucasus and South East Asia.

Research interests: transitional justice, historical dialogue, reconciliation, youth

Beth Van Schaack

Beth Van Schaack is the Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor in Human Rights at Stanford Law School—where she teaches in the areas of international human rights, international criminal law, and atrocities prevention—and a Faculty Fellow with the Handa Center for Human Rights & International Justice at Stanford University.

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Beth Van Schaack
Beth Van Schaack is the Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor in Human Rights at Stanford Law School—where she teaches in the areas of international human rights, international criminal law, and atrocities prevention—and a Faculty Fellow with the Handa Center for Human Rights & International Justice at Stanford University. Prior to returning to academia, she served as Deputy to the Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues in the Office of Global Criminal Justice of the U.S. Department of State. In that capacity, she helped to advise the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights on the formulation of U.S. policy regarding the prevention of and accountability for mass atrocities, such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. She continues to serve as a Special Government Expert on the State Department’s Advisory Committee on International Law. At Stanford, she has also been a Visiting Scholar with the Center for International Security & Cooperation of the Freeman Spogli Institute.

Prior to her State Department appointment, Van Schaack was Professor of Law at Santa Clara University School of Law. In this capacity, she served as the Academic Adviser to the United States interagency delegation to the International Criminal Court Review Conference in Kampala, Uganda in 2010. Van Schaack joined the Santa Clara faculty from private practice at Morrison & Foerster LLP where she practiced the areas of commercial law, intellectual property, international law, and human rights. Prior to entering private practice, Van Schaack was Acting Executive Director and Staff Attorney with The Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA). She continues to advise a number of human rights and international justice organizations, including: the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI), the National Institute of Military Justice (NIMJ), the International Justice Resource Center (IJRC), the Syrian Commission on International Justice & Accountability (CIJA), CJA, and Accountability Council. Van Schaack is a graduate of Stanford University and Yale Law School.

IICI Staff

Philip Trewhitt

is the Institute’s Executive Director

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Philip Trewhitt
Philip Trewhitt is the Institute’s Executive Director. A British national, Philip has over 17 years’ experience of conducting and leading investigations including into violations of international humanitarian law and human rights, as well fraud and corruption within international organisations. From 2003-2004, he was the UK government focal point on transitional justice in Baghdad; he then headed the Baghdad team conducting investigations into breaches of Iraqi sanctions under the United Nations Oil-for-Food Programme. Following a number of positions in the United Nations, he was appointed in 2011 to lead the investigation team for the UN Commission of Inquiry into breaches of international humanitarian law and human rights by all parties to the Libya conflict. Immediately prior to joining IICI, Philip was a fraud and corruption investigator with the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg. He holds an undergraduate degree in Law and an MA in War Studies from King’s College, London. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2004 and is a recipient of the Office of the US Secretary of Defense Public Service Award.

Ingrid Crowl

is the Institute's Finance Officer

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Ingrid Crowl is the Finance Officer for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations.  Prior to moving to The Hague, she was a paramedic and a Police Dispatcher in the US.  She has also worked as a bookkeeper and a teacher for special needs children.

Gabriël Oosthuizen

is the Institute’s Programme Director

 

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Gabriël Oosthuizen
Gabriël Oosthuizen is the Programme Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. He joined IICI full-time in early 2014. Specialised in the field of international criminal law, his earlier legal advisory, training and management positions include Chief of Party of the Uganda Project of the Public International Law & Policy Group. Gabriël also was the Executive Director of the NGO International Criminal Law Services (ICLS); Head, Legal Unit, UN mission in Kosovo (UNMIK); and Associate Legal Officer, Chambers, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He has edited and written books, academic and NGO publications, and consulted on various areas of law, and on international and southern African affairs. He holds an LLB from the University of Pretoria (South Africa) and an LLM in Public International Law cum laude from the University of Leiden (Netherlands).

Ulic Egan

is the Institute’s Programme Manager.

 

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Ulic Egan
Ulic Egan is Programme Manager for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. He is an attorney at law. Ulic is also a PhD student and Swansea University Research Excellence Scholar (SURES) at the Hillary Rodham-Clinton School of Law, Swansea University, UK. Ulic previously worked as a legal research consultant to the Law Society of Ireland and as an intern for the Appeals Division of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He has also worked as a legal researcher with the Prosecution Policy Unit at the Director of Public Prosecutions, Ireland. Ulic holds a Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL) degree from the National University of Ireland, Galway and an LLM in International Criminal Law from the Irish Centre for Human Rights. Ulic is published in the Oxford Reports on International Law (ORIL) and with Patricia Viseur Sellers on the topic of interpreters and investigators of sexual violence in international criminal prosecution. He has also published on the topic of Irish neutrality.

Kirstin McMullen

is the Institute's Head of Office and Program Manager

 

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Kirstin McMullen
Kirstin McMullen is the Head of Office and Program Manager for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. She has her degree in Anthropology from the University of Colorado at Denver.  Prior to joining the IICI she worked as a research and support assistant to an International Law and Sexual and Gender Based Violence expert in The Hague and in the private sector working in project management and with Native American Tribes in the States.

Core IICI Trainers and Advisers

• Alexa Koenig, Executive Director of the Human Rights Center; Co-Founder of the Investigations Lab; and
Lecturer, UC Berkeley School of Law
• Bruce Bursik, International Criminal Investigator
• Danaé van der Straten Ponthoz, International Law and Gender Justice Advisor
• Daniela Kravetz, International Criminal Justice and Gender Expert
• Dean Manning, Team Leader – Criminal Assets Confiscation Taskforce, Australian Federal Police
• Emmanuelle Marchand, Head of Legal Unit/Senior Legal Counsel at Civitas Maxima
• Erin Gallagher, International Criminal and Human Rights Investigator
• Glyn Morgan, Military, Intelligence & Analysis Specialist
• Henriette Stratmann, Forensic Consultant
• Ingrid Elliot
• Joe Powderly, Associate Professor of Public International Law, Grotius Centre for International Legal
Studies, Leiden University.
• John Tobin, Vice-President of the College of Psychiatrists of Ireland
• Julie Plant, Investigator into serious international crimes and violations of international law
• Dr. L. Kathleen Roberts, Co-Director, Partners in Justice International
• Liliana Todorović
• Linda Liebenberg, Resilience Consultant
• Lindsay Freeman, Law and Policy Director, UC Berkeley Human Rights Center
• Maxine Marcus, Director of Partners in Justice International
• Mike Dixon
• Patricia Viseur Sellers, Special Advisor for Gender to the OTP of the ICC. Visiting Fellow Kellog College,
University of Oxford. Practicing Professor, London School of Economics
• Paul Myers
• Penny Hart
• Priya Gopalan, International Criminal Law, Human Rights and Gender Expert
• Dr. Ray Murphy, Professor Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland
• Rory Byrne, Managing Director of Security First
• Steve Clappison
• Willie Nugent, Eurocheck Security Consultants
The staff of the IICI are also assisted by a range of expert consultants hired on an as needed basis.

Council of Advisors

The Council of Advisors is composed of prestigious individuals in the field of international law. The Institute relies upon these volunteers for their expertise and advice.

Youk Chhang

Youk Chhang is the Executive Director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia, a project begun by the Cambodian Genocide Center at Yale University.

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Youk Chhang
Youk Chhang is the Executive Director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia, a project begun by the Cambodian Genocide Center at Yale University. The Center, operated entirely by Cambodians, gathers evidence of human rights violations by members of the Pol Pot regime. The Center’s aims are to provide the public with a better understanding of the Pol Pot regime, and to those who might wish to pursue legal redress for crimes which might have been perpetrated under the Democratic Kampuchea, and to prevent the return of the Killing Fields to Cambodia through legal and peaceful means.

Prior to working with the DC-Cam, Chhang was appointed by the United Nations to be part of the election monitoring force in Cambodia. He also served as community relations advisor to the Dallas, Texas Police Department.

Richard J. Goldstone

Richard J. Goldstone is a former member of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and the former Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.

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Richard J. Goldstone
Richard J. Goldstone is a former member of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and the former Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. He is the author of For Humanity: Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator (Castle Lectures in Ethics, Politics, and Economics) (Yale University Press, September 2000), with a foreword written by The Honorable Sandra Day O’Connor. In 2009 he was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to lead the UN Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict.

Dennis McManus

Dennis McManus is Professor of Patristics and Medieval Latin Literature, Georgetown University.

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Dennis McManus
Dennis McManus is Professor of Patristics and Medieval Latin Literature, Georgetown University. In addition to being a Latin Literature scholar, Professor McManus is an expert in ethics. He has been active in organization development with a number of non-profits and is currently advisor to the Board of Trustees of the Grgich Foundation.

Karen Snell

Karen L. Snell graduated from Stanford Law School in 1981. She began her legal career as a litigation associate at the San Francisco law firm Morrison & Foerster.

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Karen Snell
Karen L. Snell graduated from Stanford Law School in 1981. She began her legal career as a litigation associate at the San Francisco law firm Morrison & Foerster. From 1987 to 1989 she worked as a criminal appellate lawyer. In 1989 she joined the Federal Public Defender’s Office in San Francisco, and eventually became the Supervising Attorney in charge of training trial attorneys. In 1996, Ms. Snell formed Clarence, Snell & Dyer LLP, a five attorney litigation firm where she was a named partner until 2003. She now works as a solo practitioner, representing plaintiffs in federal civil rights cases and defendants facing international extradition.

Lord Wasserman

Lord Wasserman is an advisor to the British Government on policing and criminal justice.

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Lord Wasserman
Lord Wasserman is an advisor to the British Government on policing and criminal justice. He has previously been and advisor to the Commissioner of Police, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a Don in Economics at Oxford University, and Head of Information Technology in the British Home Office during the Thatcher government. He was raised to the peerage as Baron Wasserman, of Pimlico in the City of Westminster 2011.