Board of Directors and Officers

The Board of Directors of the IICI is the governing body of the Institute. It is composed of experts from around the world, and from disciplines relevant to both teaching and conducting investigations into serious violations of international humanitarian law. Military officers, human rights investigators, academics, criminal investigators, and experts in international law have joined forces to create a new approach to the investigation of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

William Schabas - President

William Schabas, Order of Canada, President of IICI, is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London.

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William Schabas
William Schabas, Order of Canada, President of IICI, is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London. He is also professor of human rights law at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He holds an MA degree in history from the University of Toronto and an LLD from the University of Montreal.

Professor Schabas is the author of 12 books and more than 90 articles in the area of international human rights, including The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, 1997) and Genocide in International Law (Cambridge, 2000). He has frequently participated in human rights fact-finding missions for international NGOs such as Amnesty International and the International Federation of Human Rights.

Nancy Pemberton - Treasurer

Nancy Pemberton is a retired attorney, investigator, and mitigation specialist residing in Northern California.

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Nancy Pemberton is a retired attorney, investigator, and mitigation specialist residing in Northern California. For 30 years, she conducted capital and non-capital investigations throughout the United States and internationally for trial and post-trial stages of litigation. She has been a frequent presenter at continuing legal education programs for capital criminal defense litigation teams. In 2000, Pemberton co-founded the IICI with Raymond McGrath and she is its Secretary-Treasurer. She has served on and chaired the boards of several non-profits in the United States.

Desmond Travers - Vice President

Desmond Travers is a retired Colonel of the Army of the Irish Defence Forces.

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Desmond Travers
Desmond Travers is a retired Colonel of the Army of the Irish Defence Forces. His last appointment was as Commandant of its Military College. In a career spanning over forty years, he served in various command and instructional appointments in the Infantry Corps. He was a founder of two of the Forces’ teaching and training institutions.

He also served in command of troops and in key operational appointments with various UN and EU peace support missions. These were in the Middle-East (Cyprus, Lebanon) and in the Former Yugoslavia (Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina). He is a student of military history and his works are published internationally from time to time.

Delia Chatoor - Board Member

Delia Chatoor is a foreign service officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago.

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Delia Chatoor
Delia Chatoor is a foreign service officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago. For the past two years she has been the Head of the Americas Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and provides guidance on International Law (International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law) to the Ministry and other institutions. She has also been delivering lectures on these subjects as well as Multilateral Diplomacy to the University of the West Indies and other institutions. She has been assisting in the setting of examination papers for new officers to the Ministry. She is the holder of a Masters Degree in International Law from University College, London and a post-graduate diploma in International Relations from the University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago.

Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh - Board Member

Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh studied literature and international law. She holds an MA degree in international law from the University of Pantheon Sorbonne (Paris I).

 

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Catherine Cissé van den Muijsenbergh studied literature and international law. She holds an MA degree in international law from the University of Pantheon Sorbonne (Paris I).

She worked as a lawyer at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), the European Union and the African Union, served as Executive Director of the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation, and served as policy advisor at  the ICTY and ICTR and senior legal adviser at International Criminal Court.

Her research is focused in the Great Lakes Region, Horn of Africa, Middle East, the Western Balkans, North Caucasus and South East Asia.

Research interests: transitional justice, historical dialogue, reconciliation, youth

Monica Mächler - Board Member

Monica Mächler serves as non-excutive member of various boards of directors, is active in non-profit organisations and is lecturing and publishing on matters of fi-nancial market regulation, corporate governance and business law.

 

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Monica Mächler

Monica Mächler’s board memberships relate to Zurich Insurance Group Ltd., Zurich Insurance Company Ltd. and Cembra Money Bank Ltd. The non-profit organisations she is affiliated to as a member of the governing body are the Europa Institut at the University of Zurich, the Stiftung für schweizerische Rechtspflege as the Advisory Board of the International Center of Insurance Regulation at the Goethe University in Frankfurt.

From January 2009 to September 2012 she served as Vice Chair of the board of directors of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority FINMA after having led the Federal Office of Private Insurance in 2007 and 2008. In the International Association of Insurance Supervisors she was a member of the Executive Commit-tee and chaired the Technical Committee (now called Policy Development Committee) until September 2012.

After her doctoral thesis in Private International Law at the University of Zurich in 1984 Monica Mächler was practicing in a business oriented law firm in Zurich as an attorney-at-law. In 1990 she joined the group legal department of Zurich Insurance Group where she was promoted to the role of Group General Counsel and Head of the Board Secretariat in 1999 and became a member of the Group Management Board in 2001.

Colonel Bernard Markey - Board Member

Colonel Bernard Markey is an Army Officer of the Irish Defence Forces with over 30 years professional military experience at home and abroad.

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Colonel Bernard Markey is an Army Officer of the Irish Defence Forces with over 30 years professional military experience at home and abroad. A member of the Irish Military Police Corps he has served with the United Nations, the African Union, European Union and NATO in a variety of appointments in the Middle East,  Sahel, Balkans, North Caucasus and Central Asia. He holds Graduate Degrees in Law and International Relations and has completed a number of Military Police and Investigative Courses in Ireland and abroad with the IICI , NATO and the UN. He has recently been posted to the European Union Military Staff at Brussels.His particular interest is in Military Police practice and procedure in multi-ethnic post-conflict societies.

 

Bernard O'Donnell - Board Member

Bernard O’Donnell has extensive experience in conducting, leading and managing national and international investigations.

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Bernard O’Donnell
Bernard O’Donnell has extensive experience in conducting, leading and managing national and international investigations. His career includes service with the Australian Federal Police, the United Nations Civilian Police, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (The Hague), the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN Oil-for-Food Programme (New York), the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Geneva), the United Nations Development Program (New York) and (currently) the European Investment Bank (Luxembourg).

Along with professional investigation training from a number of organisations, Bernie has undertaken undergraduate studies in social sciences (Charles Sturt University) and post graduate studies in business (Monash University), finance (University of Leicester), accounting (University of Canberra), and law (University of London and University of de Montfort, Leicester).

Kaoru Okuizumi - Board Member

Kaoru Okuizumi is the Deputy Head of the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM). She was previously the Director of the UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict, which was established by the Security Council to assist national authorities in ensuring criminal accountability for conflict-related sexual violence.

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Kaoru Okuizumi

Kaoru Okuizumi is the Deputy Head of the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM). She was previously the Director of the UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict, which was established by the Security Council to assist national authorities in ensuring criminal accountability for conflict-related sexual violence. Prior to that, she served as the Deputy Chief of the Justice and Corrections Service of the UN Department of Peace Operations. Ms. Okuizumi’s experiences in international and hybrid courts include assignments at the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the Human Rights Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and most recently as the Deputy Registrar at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Ms. Okuizumi has also worked in UN peacekeeping operations and field operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kosovo and Nepal. Ms. Okuizumi is a member of the New York State Bar and a graduate of the University of Chicago, the New York University School of Law and Princeton School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. She has also been a Wasserstein Fellow at Harvard Law School.

John Ralston - Board Member

John Ralston was the Executive Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations from 2003 to 2016.

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John Ralston
John Ralston was the Executive Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations from 2003 to 2016. He served for several years as the Chief of Investigations with the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Mr Ralston was a foundation member of the ICTY, joining as an Investigation Team Leader, he was responsible for establishing the tribunal’s first investigations and preparing its standard operating procedures. In 2014 he was the Chair of the International Crimes Evidence Project that examined alleged crimes in the closing stages of the war in Sri Lanka. A former homicide detective in Australia, he spent several years investigating Nazi war criminals for the Commonwealth Attorney-General’s Special Investigations Unit. In 2004-5 he served as Chief Investigator for the UN Independent Commission of Inquiry for Darfur, Sudan. He also spent four years leading organised crime investigations and criminal asset recovery actions with the NSW Crime Commission.

Patrick D. Robbins - Board Member

Patrick Robbins is a partner in the San Francisco office of Shearman & Sterling LLP, where he specializes in criminal and enforcement matters…

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Patrick Robbins

Patrick Robbins is a partner in the San Francisco office of Shearman & Sterling LLP, where he specializes in criminal and enforcement matters, typically involving transnational violations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and other anti-corruption statutes, money laundering, securities fraud, price fixing, obstruction of justice and other federal crimes. He often conducts complex internal investigations for companies and their boards of directors. Patrick was a prosecutor with the U.S. Department of Justice in San Francisco for ten years, where he investigated and prosecuted a variety of corporate fraud, organized crime, narcotics and violent crime cases. He was Chief of the Securities Fraud Unit and led the Department’s investigation of criminal manipulation of the California energy markets by Enron and others. He also served as Pacific Regional Coordinator for the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force.

Patrick has worked in the area of war crimes, and the development of legal systems, rule of law and accountability, for over 15 years. With his law firm, he has provided advice, support and training to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court in the Hague; and on an ad hoc basis in Kenya, Liberia and Ethiopia.

Patrick is a former President of the Northern District of California Federal Bar Association. He serves on the District’s Criminal Justice Act panel, representing indigent federal criminal defendants. He is also a civil case mediator and Early Neutral Evaluator on the District’s Alternative Dispute Resolution panel.

Heather Ryan - Board Member

Heather Ryan is the Open Society Justice Intiative’s representative in Cambodia, monitoring the work of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge trials).

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Heather Ryan
Heather Ryan is the Open Society Justice Intiative’s representative in Cambodia, monitoring the work of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge trials). Previously she was the Associate Director of the Global Green Grants Fund in Boulder, Colorado USA, which makes global grants to grass roots organizations in the developing world. She was the project director for the Carr Center Domestic Human Rights Project. She joined the Carr Center in May of 2000 after spending a year and a half working with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as the liaison in The Hague for the Coalition for International Justice.

Prior to that she worked for the American Bar Association’s Center and East European Law Initiative doing judicial reform work in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and Herzegovina. For 18 years, she was a partner with the law firm of Hutchinson Black and Cook, LLC in Boulder, Colorado. She graduated from the University of Colorado School of Law and served as a law clerk for the Honorable William E. Doyle of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.

Jayne Stoyles - Board Member

Jayne Stoyles is a lawyer, the first Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for International Justice, and an Ashoka Canada Fellow.

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Jayne Stoyles
Jayne Stoyles is a lawyer, the first Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for International Justice, and an Ashoka Canada Fellow. Jayne served for several years as the Program Director of the NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court in New York, a network of 2,000 NGOs worldwide that helped bring about the establishment of the Court and that was twice nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize during her tenure. She has been a Senior Adviser to the Institute for Global Policy in New York on issues of human security, UN reform and international justice, provided International Humanitarian Law training for the Red Cross, and taught international law at Carleton University in Canada. Before and during her law degree at Queen’s University, Jayne did volunteer placements in Africa, Latin America and a First Nations community in northern Canada. She is the 2010 winner of the Walter S. Tarnopolsky Human Rights Award and of the Lord Reading Law Society Human Rights Award, and was named one of Ottawa’s Top 50 People in 2008 by Ottawa Life Magazine. She has been featured in The Precedent and in the Charity Village Spotlight.

Lena Sundh - Board Member

Lena Sundh is a retired Swedish diplomat who has also served in the UN. She has been ambassador to Angola, Special Envoy of Sweden to the Africa Great Lakes region and counsellor for political affairs at the Swedish Mission to the UN in New York.

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Lena Sundh

Lena Sundh is a retired Swedish diplomat who has also served in the UN. She has  been ambassador to Angola, Special Envoy of Sweden to the Africa Great Lakes region and counsellor for political affairs at the Swedish Mission to the UN in New York. She has also served as Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary General to the Democratic Republic of Congo, as the head of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal and as chair of the International Commission of Inquiry for Mali.

Dr Aminata Touré - Board Member

Aminata Touré is a Senegalese politician and human rights activist. She held several governmental positions including Prime Minister (2013-2014), Minister of Justice (2012-2013), President’s Special Envoy for Internal and External Affairs (2015-2019), President of the
Economic, Social and Environmental Council (2019-2020).

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Aminata Touré

Aminata Touré is a Senegalese politician and human rights activist. She held several governmental positions including Prime Minister (2013-2014), Minister of Justice (2012-2013), President’s Special Envoy for Internal and External Affairs (2015-2019), President of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (2019-2020). Dr Touré worked for 24 years in the United Nations where she held technical expert positions in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Sénégal. She also headed the Gender and Human Rights Direction at the United Nations Population Fund headquarters in New York. At an early stage of her career, Dr Touré worked in the private sector and with the Senegalese branch of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. From 2014 to 2020, Dr Touré led and co-led Presidential election observation missions on behalf of the African Union and The Carter Centre in Mauritius, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Liberia and Guyana. Aminata Touré holds a Master degree in Economics and a MBA from the University of Aix-Marseille in France and a PhD from the International School of Management in Paris. Dr Touré was responsible for more than 30 United Nations publications and authored a 2021 book highlighting Africa’s contribution to international criminal law through the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal that prosecuted Hissène Habré, former President of Chad. Besides her native language, Wolof, Aminata Touré is fluent in French and English.

 

IICI Staff

Philip Trewhitt

is the Institute’s Executive Director

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Philip Trewhitt
Philip Trewhitt is the Institute’s Executive Director. A British national, Philip has over 17 years’ experience of conducting and leading investigations including into violations of international humanitarian law and human rights, as well fraud and corruption within international organisations. From 2003-2004, he was the UK government focal point on transitional justice in Baghdad; he then headed the Baghdad team conducting investigations into breaches of Iraqi sanctions under the United Nations Oil-for-Food Programme. Following a number of positions in the United Nations, he was appointed in 2011 to lead the investigation team for the UN Commission of Inquiry into breaches of international humanitarian law and human rights by all parties to the Libya conflict. Immediately prior to joining IICI, Philip was a fraud and corruption investigator with the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg. He holds an undergraduate degree in Law and an MA in War Studies from King’s College, London. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2004 and is a recipient of the Office of the US Secretary of Defense Public Service Award.

Ingrid Crowl

is the Institute's Finance Officer

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Ingrid Crowl is the Finance Officer for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations.  Prior to moving to The Hague, she was a paramedic and a Police Dispatcher in the US.  She has also worked as a bookkeeper and a teacher for special needs children.

Gabriël Oosthuizen

is the Institute’s Programme Director

 

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Gabriël Oosthuizen
Gabriël Oosthuizen is the Programme Director of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. He joined IICI full-time in early 2014. Specialised in the field of international criminal law, his earlier legal advisory, training and management positions include Chief of Party of the Uganda Project of the Public International Law & Policy Group. Gabriël also was the Executive Director of the NGO International Criminal Law Services (ICLS); Head, Legal Unit, UN mission in Kosovo (UNMIK); and Associate Legal Officer, Chambers, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He has edited and written books, academic and NGO publications, and consulted on various areas of law, and on international and southern African affairs. He holds an LLB from the University of Pretoria (South Africa) and an LLM in Public International Law cum laude from the University of Leiden (Netherlands).

Ulic Egan

is the Institute’s Programme Manager.

 

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Ulic Egan
Ulic Egan is Programme Manager for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. He is an attorney at law. Ulic is also a PhD student and Swansea University Research Excellence Scholar (SURES) at the Hillary Rodham-Clinton School of Law, Swansea University, UK. Ulic previously worked as a legal research consultant to the Law Society of Ireland and as an intern for the Appeals Division of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He has also worked as a legal researcher with the Prosecution Policy Unit at the Director of Public Prosecutions, Ireland. Ulic holds a Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL) degree from the National University of Ireland, Galway and an LLM in International Criminal Law from the Irish Centre for Human Rights. Ulic is published in the Oxford Reports on International Law (ORIL) and with Patricia Viseur Sellers on the topic of interpreters and investigators of sexual violence in international criminal prosecution. He has also published on the topic of Irish neutrality.

Kirstin McMullen

is the Institute's Head of Office and Program Manager

 

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Kirstin McMullen
Kirstin McMullen is the Head of Office and Program Manager for the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. She has her degree in Anthropology from the University of Colorado at Denver.  Prior to joining the IICI she worked as a research and support assistant to an International Law and Sexual and Gender Based Violence expert in The Hague and in the private sector working in project management and with Native American Tribes in the States.

Recent IICI Trainers and Mentors

• Alexa Koenig, Alexa Koenig, PhD, JD, is the Executive Director of the Human Rights Center
• Emmanuelle Marchand, Deputy Director / Head of the legal unit at Civitas Maxima
• Dr Crofton Black, Research consultant. Senior reporter at Lighthouse Reports”
• Dean Manning
• Erin Gallagher, International Criminal and Human Rights Investigator
• Howard Tucker. CBE MSc
• Dr John Tobin,psychiatrist, Lt Col (retired), and author
• Lada Soljan
• Liliana Todorovic-Sudetic
• Linda Liebenberg
• Lindsay Freeman, Technology, Law & Policy Director Human Rights Center, UC Berkeley School of Law
• Patricia Viseur Sellers, Special Advisor for Slavery Crimes to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Professor, International Criminal Law, University of Oxford
• Penny Hart
• Maxine Marcus, Director, Partners in Justice International
• Willie Nugent, Eurocheck Security Consultants
• Natasha Vicary
• Henriette Stratmann

  • The staff of the IICI are also assisted by a range of expert consultants hired on an as needed basis.

Murad Code Consultants

  • Aine Sperrin
  • Andy Sherman
  • Dr Chris Dolan
  • Dalila Seoane
  • Dr Ingrid Elliott
  • Elizabeth Bohart
  • Erin Gallagher
  • Galen Lamphere-Englund Ingrid
  • Lara Quarterman
  • Lisa Davis
  • Louise Goldbold
  • Marc Doherty
  • Michelle Kissenkoetter
  • Michelle Oliel
  • Nadine Tunasi
  • Nelly Warega
  • Nina Donaghy
  • Sami Shabi Shivan
  • Toma Sherizaan Minwalla
  • Stephanie Barbour
  • Penny Hart
  • Yvonne Fisher

Council of Advisors

The Council of Advisors is composed of prestigious individuals in the field of international law. The Institute relies upon these volunteers for their expertise and advice.

Youk Chhang

Youk Chhang is the Executive Director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), founder of Sleuk Rith Institute and a survivor of the Khmer Rouge’s “killing fields.”

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Youk Chhang

Youk Chhang is the Executive Director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), founder of Sleuk Rith Institute and a survivor of the Khmer Rouge’s “killing fields.”

At age 15, labouring under Khmer Rouge rule, he was arrested for picking up mushrooms in the rice fields to feed his pregnant sister. He was tortured publicly before more than a hundred villagers before being dispatched to an adult prison without trial. He recalls, “Months later, when I ran out of lies to tell to save my life, an older prisoner begged the prison chief to release me. The prison chief agreed, but I later learned that the older prisoner was killed in exchange for my freedom. I lived, and he died. I do not remember his name but have been searching for his surviving relatives to pay respect to them for what he did for me. I hope someday I will find them.”

Chhang later escaped the Khmer Rouge killing fields, moving to the United States as a refugee, but his experience of Khmer Rouge terror and loss of loved ones led him to a lifelong commitment to promote memory and justice in Cambodia. He returned to Cambodia in the 1990s to manage human rights and democracy training programs for the US-based International Republican Institute and assist the Electoral Component of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC).

Chhang became DC-Cam’s leader in 1995, when the Center was founded as a field office of Yale University’s Cambodian Genocide Program to conduct research, training and documentation related to the Khmer Rouge regime. He continued to run the Center after it’s 1997 inception as an independent Cambodian non-governmental organization. Among many contributions to truth and justice, he has testified before the Khmer Rouge tribunal as a living witness to genocide, developed a nationwide genocide education program with strong grassroots support, and established the Anlong Veng Peace Center to facilitate research and foster reconciliation. He currently leads DC-Cam’s development of the Sleuk Rith Institute, a permanent hub for genocide studies in Asia based in Phnom Penh, and works to advance DC-Cam’s vision of a Legacy of Justice, Legacy of Education, and Legacy of Healing.

Chhang has authored several articles and book chapters on justice and reconciliation and co-edited the book Cambodia’s Hidden Scars: Trauma Psychology in the Wake of the Khmer Rouge (2011). He is the executive producer of A River Changes Course (2012), a documentary film about Cambodia’s changing social, economic and environmental landscape that won the Sundance World Cinema Grand Jury Prize for documentaries in 2013 and other awards. He also produced the film Don’t Think I’ve Forgotten: Cambodia’s Lost Rock and Roll (2014), which illuminates the culture that preceded and survived the country’s genocide.

He is a Senior Research Fellow at the Center for the Study of Genocide, Conflict Resolution, and Human Rights at Rutgers University-Newark. He was a member of the eminent persons group who founded the Institute for International Criminal Investigations in The Hague in 2003. In 2000, he received the Truman-Reagan Freedom Award from the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation in Washington, DC. He was named one of TIME magazine’s “60 Asian heroes” in 2006 and one the “Time 100” most influential people in the world in 2007 for his stand against impunity in Cambodia and elsewhere. He and DC-Cam were the honored recipients of the 2017 Judith Lee Stronach Human Rights Award from the Center for Justice and Accountability. In 2017, HIS MAJESTY KING NORODOM SIHAMONI made Chhang a Commander of the Royal Order of Cambodia in recognition of Chhang’s distinguished services to the Kingdom of Cambodia.

In 2018, Chhang received the Ramon Magsaysay Award, an honor widely regarded as an Asian regional counterpart to the Nobel Prize, for his work in preserving historical memory for healing and justice.

Richard J. Goldstone

Richard J. Goldstone is a former Judge of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa and a former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. From 15 August 1994 to September 1996 he served as the Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.

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Richard J. Goldstone
Richard J. Goldstone is a former Judge of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa and a former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. From 15 August 1994 to September 1996 he served as the Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. From August 1999 until December 2001, he was the chairperson of the International Independent Inquiry on Kosovo. In December 2001 he was appointed as the co-chairperson of the International Task Force on Terrorism which was established by the International Bar Association. From 1999 to 2003 he served as a member of the International Group of Advisers of the International Committee of the Red Cross. In April 2004, he was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Independent International Committee to investigate the Iraq Oil for Food program. In 2009. he chaired the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the conflict in Gaza. As well as being a visiting professor at a number of academic institutions, including Harvard Law School, Stanford Law School, NYU Law School, Fordham Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, University of Virginia Law School, the Central European University and Oxford University, he sits on numerous boards, including Physicians for Human Rights, the International Advisory Board of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court and the Coalition for the International Criminal Court. He is a member of the Africa Group for Justice and Accountability. He is also the Honorary President of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association.

Dennis McManus

Dennis McManus is Professor of Patristics and Medieval Latin Literature, Georgetown University.

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Dennis McManus
Dennis McManus is Professor of Patristics and Medieval Latin Literature, Georgetown University. In addition to being a Latin Literature scholar, Professor McManus is an expert in ethics. He has been active in organization development with a number of non-profits and is currently advisor to the Board of Trustees of the Grgich Foundation.

Karen Snell

Karen L. Snell graduated from Stanford Law School in 1981. She began her legal career as a litigation associate at the San Francisco law firm Morrison & Foerster.

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Karen Snell
Karen L. Snell graduated from Stanford Law School in 1981. She began her legal career as a litigation associate at the San Francisco law firm Morrison & Foerster. From 1987 to 1989 she worked as a criminal appellate lawyer. In 1989 she joined the Federal Public Defender’s Office in San Francisco, and eventually became the Supervising Attorney in charge of training trial attorneys. In 1996, Ms. Snell formed Clarence, Snell & Dyer LLP, a five attorney litigation firm where she was a named partner until 2003. She now works as a solo practitioner, representing plaintiffs in federal civil rights cases and defendants facing international extradition.